• ACLED: Armed Conflict Location & Event Data (civil society organization)
  • AD: Ancestral Domains
  • AL: Ancestral Land
  • AFP: Armed Forces of the Philippines
  • ATA: Anti -Terrorism Act 2020
  • BOC: Bureau of Customs
  • CAR: Cordillera Administrative Region
  • CCT: Conditional Cash Transfer
  • CFO: Communist Front Organizations
  • CNL: Christians for National Liberation
  • CPP: Communist Party of the Philippines
  • DAR: Department of Agrarian Reform
  • DDS: Duterte Death Squad / Davao Death Squad / Diehard Duterte Supporters
  • DENR: Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • DOLE: Department of Labor and Employment
  • DRK: Drug-Related Killings
  • DUI: Deaths Under Investigation
  • DWDS: Department of Social Welfare and Development
  • EDSA: People Power Revolution
  • EJK: Extra-Judicial Killing
  • HRC: Human Rights Comission
  • IACLA: Inter-Agency Committee on Legal Action
  • IALAG: Inter-Agency Legal Action Group
  • ICC: International Criminal Court
  • ICHRP: International Coalition For Human Rights in the Philippines
  • KMU: Kilusang Mayo Uno, aboveground militant labor center
  • LGU: Local Government Units
  • NBI: National Bureau of Investigation
  • NDFP: National Democratic Front of the Philippines
  • NCRPO: National Capital Regional Police Office
  • NFSW: National Federation of Sugar Workers
  • NISP: National Internal Security Plans
  • NPA: New People’s Army
  • NTF-ELCAC: National Task Force-Ending Local Communist Armed Conflict
  • NUPL: National Union of People’s Lawyers
  • OFW: Overseas Filipino Workers
  • PCGG: Presidential Commission on Good Government
  • PCPR: Promotion of Church People’s Response
  • PDEA: Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency
  • PNP: Philippine National Police
  • RCTU: Revolutionary Council of Trade Unions
  • RLECC: Regional Law Enforcement Coordinating Council
  • UPR: Universal Periodic Review
  • VCM: Vote Counting Machines


Barangay: a small territorial and administrative district forming the most local level of government.

Nanlaban: to resist; to defend oneself; to fight back.

Oplan Tokhang: a portmanteau from the Visayan Cebuano “toktok” and “hangyo” — “Knock-and-plead

Red-tagging: ‘Red-tagging in the Philippines’ refers to the malicious blacklisting of individuals or organizations critical or not fully supportive of the actions of a sitting government administration in the country. These individuals and organizations are “tagged” as either communist or terrorist or both, regardless of their actual political beliefs or affiliations.