Barangay: a small territorial and administrative district forming the most local level of government.
Nanlaban: to resist; to defend oneself; to fight back.
Oplan Tokhang: a portmanteau from the Visayan Cebuano “toktok” and “hangyo” — “Knock-and-plead
Red-tagging: ‘Red-tagging in the Philippines’ refers to the malicious blacklisting of individuals or organizations critical or not fully supportive of the actions of a sitting government administration in the country. These individuals and organizations are “tagged” as either communist or terrorist or both, regardless of their actual political beliefs or affiliations.