Philippines: historical highlights

1565
1565

Spanish colonization of the Philippines

1898
1898

Spanish – American War

  • April – August:  Spanish – American War
  • December 10th: Treaty of Paris
  • The United States win the Spanish-American War and colonize the Philippines
1930
1930

Constitution of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas (PKP)

1942
1942

1942 -1945 -Japanese occupation of the Philippines

1946
1946

Philippines gained Independence

  • July 4th: The Philippines gained Independence from the United States
  • Neocolonialism under a democracy ruled by elites
1965
1965

Ferdinand Marcos is elected

November 9th: Ferdinand Marcos is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines

1969
1969

March 29th: New People’s Army foundation

1972
1972

Martial Law

September 23rd: President Marcos places the Philippines under Martial Law. Marcos orders the closure of media establishments and wire agencies

1973
1973

Constitution of the National Democratic Front

1981
1981

January 17th: Martial Law is lifted

1984
1984

Foundation of GABRIELA

1986
1986

People’s Power Revolution

  • February 22nd – 25th: People’s Power Revolution
  • EDSA Revolutions ousts President Marcos
  • Marcos family fled to Hawaii, US
  • Cory Aquino is elected new president of the Philippines
1988
1988

Rodrigo Duterte elected mayor of the southern city of Davao

1992
1992

The Hague Joint Declarations

The GRP and the NDF signed The Hague Joint Declarations setting the stage for the conduct of peace talks between the parties and setting for the basic principles for the talks, as well as the substantive agenda to be discussed

1998
1998

The United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders

  • Philippines signed, as State Party, the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders
  • March 6th: Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines  (CARHRIHL)
1999
1999

Termination of peace

February – Unilateral suspension of Formal Talks and Termination of Peace Negotiations between the GRP and the NPA, CPP and NDF

2001
2001

Resumption of formal peace talks

  • March 9th Joint Statement by the Negotiating Panels of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the Negotiating Panel of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDPF)
  • April 27th- 30th – Resumption of formal peace talks in Oslo, Norway
2004
2004

Joint statement to resume formal talks

January 13th – Joint statement to resume formal talks in the GRP-NDPF Peace Negotiations

2011
2011

The Philippines ratified the Rome Statute

2016
2016

Rodrigo Duterte is elected 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines

  • May 9th: Rodrigo Duterte is elected 16th President of the Republic of the Philippines
  • July 1st: Command Memorandum Circular No. 16-2016 launching the government’s illegal drugs campaign – the OPLAN DOUBLE BARREL
  • July: Resumption of peace talks
  • ICC Statement of the Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda concerning the situation in the Republic of the Philippines
2017
2017

President Duterte declares Martial Law

  • President Duterte declares Martial Law in Mindanao under Proclamation nº216 (2.5 years, from May 23, 2017 to December 31, 2019)
  • April: Lawyer Jude Sabio sued President Duterte and 11 other Philippine officials before the International Criminal Court for mass murder mounting to crimes against humanity for the thousands of killings under the State’s anti-illegal drugs campaign
  • November 23rd: President Duterte signs Proclamation nº 360 for the termination of Peace Negotiations between GRP and CPP/NPA/NDF
2018
2018

Fatou Bensouda concerning the situation in the Republic of the Philippines

  • February 18th: ICC Statement of the Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda concerning the situation in the Republic of the Philippines
  • March 15th: The Philippines deposit a written notification of withdrawal from the Rome Statute
  • June: the death toll arising from the illegal drugs campaign has reached an alarming figure of 4,540.
  • November 22nd – Memorandum Order 32: More soldiers and police are sent to Negros Occidental and Oriental
  • December: Executive Order nº 70: “whole-of-nation approach” and Oplan Kapanatagan allows the creation of the National Task Force (NTF)
2019
2019

December 31st: Martial Law in Mindanao is lifted

2020
2020

Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

  • June 30th: Statement by Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • July 3rd: Enactment of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020
  • July 18th: Anti-Terrorism Act enters into force
  • July 23rd: Petitions questioning the constitutionality of the law were filled.  One of which was the Petition filed by Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN)
  • October: the death toll from the country’s anti-drug operations has reached 7.987
  • December 9th: the Anti-Terror Council, in a resolution, designated the Communist Party of the Philippines and the New People’s Army as “terrorist organizations”.
2021
2021

Human rights violations in the Philippines

  • June 23rd: The National Democratic Front (NDF) has been formally designated as a terrorist organization by the Anti-Terrorism Council (ATC).
  • September 15th: ICC Pre-Trial Chamber authorizes the opening of an investigation into alleged crimes against humanity committed in the Philippines in relation with the Duterte administration’s deadly war against illegal drugs.
  • Investigate PH – an independent investigation on the worsening human rights violations in the Philippines launched by the International Coalition of Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP)
2022
2022

Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review

  • February 17th: The European Parliament adopted resolution on the recent human rights developments in the Philippines (2022/2540(RSP)
  • March 29th: ICHRP Announces “Dirty Dozen” Magnitsky Sanctions Campaign Against Philippine Human Rights Violators.
  • May 9th: Presidential Election
  • May 9th: The International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP) carry out the Philippine Election 2022 International Observer Mission (IOM)
  • May 9th: BongBong Marcos is elected new President of the Philippines.
  • June 30th: Presumptive Assuming of office
  • October – Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review (Philippines)